Teenie Matlock and Caitlin Fausey asked students to read two sentences about hypothetical politicians. Ninety-eight students read, ‚ÄúLast year, Mark was having an affair with his assistant and was taking hush money from a prominent constituent.‚Äù Let‚Äôs call this sentence A. Ninety-four other students read, ‚ÄúLast year, Mark had an affair with his assistant and took hush money from a prominent constituent.‚Äù We will call this sentence B.
(a) What are the speciÔ¨Åc differences in the way the two sentences are phrased?
(b) In the study, 71 of the 98 students who read sentence A and 49 of the 98 students who read sentence B felt the politician would not be re-elected. Do these results suggest that the sentence structure makes a difference in deciding whether the politician would be re-elected?
(c) Research ‚Äúimperfect aspect‚Äù and ‚Äúperfect aspect.‚Äù Does this help explain any differences in the results of the survey?
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